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Acid Attack: Having a Corrosive Substance Thrown At You

“Hello there! I’m here to provide you with a bit of information on what acid attacks are, its various facets, and the Indian laws relevant to this abuse. Experiencing abuse in any form is NOT OKAY, but what you are experiencing as a result of abuse is valid. What you, as a bystander, are going through while supporting a survivor is absolutely okay and typical too!  If you need additional resources or just someone to talk to, feel free to reach out to Imaara Foundation."

(Image Source: Deccan Chronicle)

Written By: Shashank Ramachandran

What are some resources I can access as a survivor of an acid attack?

Organization Name


Phone Number

International Foundation for Crime Prevention and Victim Care (PCVC)


1800 1027282

Acid Survivors Saahas Foundation



Acid Survivors & Women Welfare Foundation INDIA - ASWWF


90076 12727

What is an acid attack?

An acid attack, also known as vitriol attack or vitriolage, is a form of assault, where acid or any other corrosive substance is thrown on the body of another, with the intention of hurting them. This can result in severe damage of skin tissue and sometimes even the bones. Perpetrators of acid attacks generally throw acid on the survivor’s face, which can lead to partial or complete blindness. Sulfuric acid, nitric acid and caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) are the most commonly used substances in these attacks. The number of reported acid violence cases in India is close to around 200 per year. In 2013, the Supreme Court termed acid attacks as "worse than murder". Globally, 80 percent of acid attack survivors are women and 76 per cent of the attacks are committed by a person known to the victim (Rai, 2022).

Why do acid attacks occur?

What effects do acid attacks have on victims or survivors?

What laws are relevant to acid attacks in India?

Which protection schemes are relevant to acid attacks in India?

What are the references for this article?


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